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Café / Coffee
Coffee is a brewed beverage with a bitter, acidic flavour prepared from the roasted seeds of the coffee plant. The beans are found in coffee berries, which grow on trees, which are cultivated in over 70 countries, including equatorial Latin America, Southeast Asia, South Asia and Africa.

Coffee berries contain the coffee seeds or "beans", and are produced by several species of small evergreen bush of the genus Coffea. The two most commonly grown are the highly regarded Coffea arabica, and the "robusta" form of the hardier Coffea Canephora. The latter is resistant to the devastating coffee leaf rust (Hemileia vastatrix). Once ripe, coffee berries are picked, processed, and dried. The seeds are then roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavour. They are then ground and brewed to create coffee which can be prepared and presented in a variety of ways.

The caffeine found in Coffee can have a stimulating effect, and it is one of the most popular beverages in the world. It has played a crucial role in many societies, and is thought to have been discovered in the North East region of Ethiopia. The cultivation of coffee first expanded in the Arab world, with the earliest credible evidence of coffee drinking appearing in the middle of the 15th century, in the Sufi shrines of Yemen.

From the Muslim world, coffee spread to India, Italy and then to the rest of Europe, to Indonesia, and to the Americas. In East Africa and Yemen, it was used in religious ceremonies. As a result, the Ethiopian Church banned its secular consumption, a ban in effect until the reign of Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia. It was banned in Ottoman Turkey during the 17th century for political reasons, and was associated with rebellious political activities in Europe.